"Swedish Pomerania" was incorporated into Prussia as New Western Pomerania (Neuvorpommern) within the Prussian Province of Pomerania. Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.253. Sweden received Western Pomerania by the Peace of Westphalia (1648); part of it was returned to Brandenburg-Prussia in 1720, and the remainder (Stralsund and Rügen) was recovered by Prussia in 1815. In 1814 the Kingdom of Hanover agreed to exchange the Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg for Prussian East Frisia, while Denmark was promised Swedish Pomerania as compensation for losing Norway to Sweden. Danish Pomerania was since April 1716 governed by a governmental commission seated in Stralsund, consisting of five members. The first years of the Great Northern War did not affect Pomerania. “Old maps” means maps authored over 70 years ago, that is, in 1950 or earlier. The recess of Stettin in 1653 settled the border with Brandenburg in a manner favourable to Sweden. At the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and the Treaty of Stettin in 1653, Sweden received Western Pomerania (German Vorpommern), with the islands of Rügen, Usedom, and Wolin, and a strip of Farther Pomerania (Hinterpommern). Also in 1806, Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden started constructing another major port city in Pomerania, Gustavia.  Both campaigns were in vain for the winners when Swedish Pomerania was restored to Sweden in the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye in 1679, except for Gollnow and the strip of land on the east side of the Oder, which were held by Brandenburg as a pawn in exchange for reparations, until these were paid in 1693. In the Treaty of Kiel (1814), Sweden exchanged Pomerania with Denmark in return for Norway, but at the Congress of Vienna (1815) Denmark ceded its share of Pomerania to Prussia, receiving the duchy of Lauenburg in return. By this, Sweden ceded the parts east of the Oder River that had been won in 1648 as well as Western Pomerania south of the Peene and the islands of Wolin and Usedom to Brandenburg-Prussia. As a consequence, Pomerania was not annexed to Sweden like the French war gains, which would have meant abolition of serfdom, since the Pomeranian peasant laws of 1616 was practised there in its most severe form. Pomeranian Genealogy Swedish Pommern.  Denmark thereby drew from the experiences in Danish-occupied Bremen-Verden (1712–1715), the setting of the Danish chancellery, and the contemporary Danish absolutism under king Frederik IV of Denmark-Norway. Swedish troops struggled to co-ordinate with their French and Russian allies, and what had begun as a Swedish invasion of Prussian Pomerania soon led to the Prussians occupying much of Swedish Pomerania and threatening Stralsund. Also in 1720, Sweden regained the remainder of her dominion in the Treaty of Frederiksborg, which had been lost to Denmark in 1715. From 1657 to 1659 during the Second Northern War, Polish, Austrian, and Brandenburger troops ravaged the country. 73 pages. The fate of Swedish Pomerania was settled during the Congress of Vienna through the treaties between Prussia and Denmark on 4 June and with Sweden on 7 June 1815. When circumstances demanded, the estates, nobility, burgesses, and — until the 1690s — the clergy could be summoned for meetings of a local parliament called the Landtag. de Saint-Junien, Vigier. 3 maps. The countries shown include Denmark–Holstein, Swedish Pomerania, Holland, Prussia, Westphalia, Grand Duchy of Warsaw, Darmstadt, Saxony, Bohemia, Austria, Bavaria, Salzburg, Würtemburg, Helvetic Confederation, … My Pomerania is self-funded. Our large map collection (Pommern, drawer in the flat map case) has maps by county useful for finding the nearest church, cemetery, manor home, windmill, watermill, etc. (Socken) complying with the Swedish model of administration. ISBN: 1-58545-078-2. The country was divided into four hundreds (Härad) containing parishes The Estates, which had exercised great authority under the Pomeranian dukes, were unable to exert any significant influence on Sweden, even though the Constitution of 1663 had provided them with a veto in as far as Pomerania was affected. Napoleon I overran Swedish Pomerania in the War of the Third Coalition but restored it on making peace with Sweden in 1809. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The Landtag were presided over by a marshall (Erb-landmarschall). The largest cities in Swedish Pomerania were Stralsund, Greifswald and, until 1720, Stettin (now Szczecin).  The ducal estates (Domäne), initially distributed among Swedish nobles (two thirds) and officials, became in 1654 administered by the former Swedish queen Christina. The territory was occupied by Denmark and Brandenburg from 1675 to 1679 during the Scanian War, whereby Denmark claimed Rügen and Brandenburg the rest of Pomerania. The administrative records from the Danish period were transferred to Copenhagen and are available at the Danish National Archives (rigsarkivet).. The new order of the Landtag was modelled on the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates and a meeting according to the new order also took place in August 1806, which declared its loyalty to the king and hailed him as their ruler. This page was last edited on 16 March 2019, at 11:05. Altogether 1,455 detailed maps of Swedish Pomerania were created. In 1679, Sweden lost most of her Pomeranian possessions east of the Oder river in the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and in 1720, Sweden lost her possessions south of the Peene and east of the Peenestrom rivers in the Treaty of Stockholm. 1761.jpg, Führer durch Greifswald - 1886 - N021.jpg, Herzogtum Vor- und Hinterpommern 1794.jpg, Kreis Schwetz im Regierungs-Bezirke Marienwerder 1879.jpg, Map of Pomerania in 1791 by Reilly 057.jpg, Map of Pomerania in 1791 by Reilly 058.jpg, Maps of Pomerania, of Livonia, and of the Duchy of Oświęcim and Zator by Abraham Ortelius.jpeg, Maps of Slavinia, Pomerania, and Pomerelia.png, Noua illustrissimi ducatus Pomeraniae tabula - CBT 5874926.jpg, Operationen der alliirten und französischen Armée 1759 in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern.jpg, Pomerania Abraham Ortelius Theatrum orbis terrarum 1570.JPG, Reise-bzwEisenbahnkarte Deutschland1896.jpg, Vom 9ten November bis 24ten Dezember Vereinigung der Corps v. Platen Schenkendorf u. des Pr. In 1812, when French troops yet again marched into Pomerania, the Swedish Army mobilized and assisted against Napoleon in the Battle of Leipzig in 1813, together with troops from Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland.Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the southern Baltic coast, including Pomerania and parts of … In 1634, the Estates of Pomerania assigned the interim government to an eight-member directorate, which lasted until Brandenburg ordered the directorate disbanded in 1638 by right of Imperial investiture. Authentic old, antique, and rare maps of Germany for sale by Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps. The Swedish rule brought, if nothing else, at least the rule of law into the court system. Their rights of petition were however not limited, and by the privileges of King Frederick I of Sweden in 1720 they also had an explicit right to participate in legislation and taxation. By the Treaty of Frederiksborg, 3 June 1720, Denmark was obliged to hand back control over the occupied territory to Sweden, but in the Treaty of Stockholm, on 21 January the same year, Prussia had been allowed to retain its conquest, including Stettin. History of Pomerania. Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.239. Rückzug über Stettin u. Schwedt.jpg, WIG Mapa Operacyjna Polski - 34 Gdynia-Gdańsk 1934.jpg, WIG Mapa Operacyjna Polski - 44 Toruń 1933.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Old_maps_of_Pomerania&oldid=342881718, Old maps of Germany by historic territory, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The peace treaties were negotiated while the Swedish queen Christina was a minor, and the Swedish Empire was governed by members of the high aristocracy. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. $19.95. The reason for perpetrating this royally sanctioned coup d'état was that the estates, despite a royal prohibition, had taken to the courts to appeal against royal statutes, specifically the statute of 30 April 1806 regarding the raising of a Pomeranian army. A map of Germany and eastern France in 1813–14 during the War of the Sixth Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars. Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the Southern Baltic Coast including Pomerania and parts of Silesia and Prussia. They contain details about a village or a manor with its political and ecclesiastical affiliation. If you appreciate our content, please consider making a small contribution. B. Hohenmühle and Peter von Thienen, and chancellor secretary August J. von John. Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland.Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the southern Baltic coast, including Pomerania and parts of … Pomerania became involved in the Thirty Years' War during the 1620s, and with the town of Stralsund under siege by imperial troops, its ruler Bogislaw XIV, Duke of Stettin, concluded a treaty with King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in June 1628. The talks showed few results until the Instrument of Government of 17 July 1663 (promulgated by the recess of 10 April 1669) could be presented, and only in 1664 did the Pomeranian Estates salute the Swedish Monarch as their new ruler. However, Austria and Britain opposed the deal, causing friction between the four powers. Prussia united western and central Pomerania into … Map of A map of Central Europe between 1792 and 1813 indicating major battlefield sites and historic places with associated dates noted in parentheses. By royal proclamation on 26 June 1806, the Constitution of Pomerania was declared to have been suspended and abolished. Sweden's disappointing performance in the war further hurt its international prestige. The situation was resolved in 1815 with the fourth partition of Poland between … In the wake of this revolution, a number of social reforms were implemented and planned; the most important was the abolishment of serfdom by a royal statute on 4 July 1806. We offer a large stock of old and rare original antique maps of Germany, with a detailed description and high resolution image for each antique map of Germany we offer for sale. v. Würtemberg zu Greiffenberg. As a result of the Northern War, Prussia gained (1720) the eastern part of Swedish Pomerania (including Stettin). The position of Pomerania in the Swedish Realm came to depend on the talks that were opened between the Estates of Pomerania and the Government of Sweden. By the end of that year, the Swedes had completed the military occupation of Pomerania. The Pomeranian War was a theatre of the Seven Years' War.The term is used to describe the fighting between Sweden and Prussia between 1757 and 1762 in Swedish Pomerania, Prussian Pomerania, northern Brandenburg and eastern Mecklenburg-Schwerin.. Whether you are adding to your Germany antique map collection, buying an old map as a gift or … The estate of the burgesses consisted of one deputy per politically franchised city, particularly Stralsund. It overlays old maps on top of the Google Map, pinpoints church districts and civil registration offices, and is complete with important information from the Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-lexikon des deutschen Reichs.. In this manoeuvre Prussia gained Swedish Pomerania in exchange for Saxe-Lauenburg, becoming Danish, with Prussia having bartered previously Hanoverian Saxe-Lauenburg only 14 years earlier in exchange for East Frisia ceded to Hanover again. Paperback The border against Mecklenburg, along the Trebel and the Recknitz, followed a settlement of 1591. Map of Pomerania in 1791 by Reilly 058.jpg 1,077 × 912; 444 KB Maps of Pomerania, of Livonia, and of the Duchy of Oświęcim and Zator by Abraham Ortelius.jpeg 1,591 × 1,183; 636 KB Maps of Slavinia, Pomerania, and Pomerelia.png 650 × 1,100; 1.03 MB PVF was established to research and preserve the culture, genealogy and history of the Pomeranian people who came to the territory of Wisconsin and founded Freistadt in 1839. "Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland. In 1814, as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, Swedish Pomerania was ceded to Denmark in exchange for Norway in the Treaty of Kiel, and in 1815, as a result of the Congress of Vienna, transferred to Prussia. From the appellate court cases could be appealed to the supreme court for the Swedish dominions in Germany, the High Tribunal in Wismar, which had opened in 1653. Even when Danish, Russian, and Polish forces had crossed the borders in 1714, the Kingdom of Prussia first appeared as a hesitant mediator before turning into an aggressor. Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.255.  Swedish and Pomeranian nobility intermarried and became ethnically indistinguishable in the course of the 18th century.. Pomerania under Prussian and Swedish Rule, 1648-1815). The legal system in Pomerania was in a state of great confusion, due to the lack of a consistent legislation or even the most basic collection of laws and instead consisting of a disparate collection of legal principles. Around 1780, the Duke's domains, which covered about 1/4 of Pomerania, were divided into Ämter (governmental districts), and the roughly 400 noble estates were divided into districts. Zug gegen Romanzow. Translated and compiled by Dr. George Nafziger. Pomerania became involved in the Thirty Years' War during the 1620's, and with the town of Stralsund under siege by imperial troops its ruler Bogislaus XIV, the Duke of Stettin, concluded a treaty with the Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus in June 1628.In July 10, 1630 the treaty was extended into an eternal pact and by the end of that year the Swedes had … The entry into the Third Coalition in 1805, in which Sweden unsuccessfully fought its First War against Napoleon, subsequently led to the occupation of Swedish Pomerania by French troops from 1807 to 1810. King Charles XII of Sweden in the Battle of Stralsund led the defence of Pomerania for an entire year, November 1714 to December 1715, before fleeing to Lund. If you are looking for an alternative resource with … Pomerania - Villages and Maps by Margaret Ott. The nobility was represented by one deputy per district, and these deputies were in turn mandated by their respective district convents of nobles. Sweden, present in Pomerania with a garrison at Stralsund since 1628, had gained effective control of the Duchy of Pomerania with the Treaty of Stettin in 1630. At the peace negotiations in Osnabrück, Brandenburg-Prussia received Farther Pomerania (Hinterpommern), the part of the former Duchy of Pomerania east of the Oder River except Stettin. While the Swedish Pomeranian nobles were subjected to reduction when the late 17th century kings regained political power, the provisions of the peace of Westphalia continued to prevent the pursuit of the uniformity policy in Pomerania until the Holy Roman empire was dissolved in 1806. When Russia made peace with Prussia in 1762, Sweden also dropped out of the war with a return to the status quo ante bellum. Angered and frightened by the attempted monarchial revolution of 1756, the Hats also wanted to cause Frederick's dow… The Swedish wars of the 17th and 18th centuries halted the city’s economic growth and began its decline. Meyers Gazetteer is the your one-stop destination for placing old Pomeranian cities and villages on a Google Map. Instead, it remained part of the Holy Roman Empire, making the Swedish rulers Reichsfürsten (imperial princes) and leaving the nobility in full charge of the rural areas and its inhabitants.  Denmark also received 2.6 million Thalers from Prussia. Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland.Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the southern Baltic coast, including Pomerania and parts of … The Royal Government of Pomerania (die königliche Landesregierung) was composed of the Governor-General, who always was a Swedish Privy Councillor, as chairman and five Councillors of the Royal Government, among them the President of the Appellate Court, the Chancellor and the Castle Captain of Stettin, over inspector of the Royal Amts. On 10 July 1630, the treaty was extended into an 'eternal' pact in the Treaty of Stettin (1630). Felix Schönrock's studies in: Frank Braun, Stefan Kroll. The population of Swedish Pomerania was 82,827 subjects in 1764, (58,682 rural, 24,145 urban population, 40% of the rural population were leibeigen serfs); 89,000 in 1766, 113,000 in 1802, with about a quarter living on the island of Rügen, and had reached 118,112 in 1805 (79,087 rural, 39,025 urban population, 46,190 of the rural population were leibeigen serfs). A strip of land east of the Oder River containing the districts of Damm and Gollnow and the island of Wolin and Western Pomerania (Vorpommern) with the islands of Rügen and Usedom, was ceded to the Swedes as a fief from Emperor Ferdinand III. Pommern in 1440 Bildern has photos of major towns in every county - also aerial views. Denmark returned her Pomeranian territories to Swedish administration on 17 January 1721. Cases under canon law were directed to a consistorium in Greifswald. Vereinigung mit General Schenkendorf den 9ten Novb. Versuch Colberg zu entsetzen. One fourth of the "knightly" estates (Rittergut) in Swedish Pomerania were held by Swedish nobles. A feeble Swedish attempt to regain the lost territories in the Pomeranian campaigns of the Seven Years' War (1757–1762, "Pomeranian War") failed. As a consequence, Pomerania lapsed into a state of anarchy, thereby forcing the Swedes to act. These areas were ceded to Brandenburg-Prussia and were integrated into Brandenburgian Pomerania. Werner Buchholz, Pommern, Siedler, 1999, p.259. The Estates of Pomerania could only be called regarding questions that specifically concerned Pomerania and Rügen. The Swedish Instruments of Government of 1772, the Act of Union and Security of 1789, and the Law of 1734 were declared to have taken precedence and were to be implemented following 1 September 1808. The history of Pomerania is a history full of changes. The war was characterized by a back-and-forth movement of the Swedish and Prussian armies, neither of … The lands of Pomerania were firstly ruled by local tribes, who settled in Pomerania around the 10th and 11th centuries. Jan M Piskorski, Pommern im Wandel der Zeiten, 1999, p.191, Curt Bogislaus Ludvig Kristoffer von Stedingk, "Gustavia - Ein schwedisches Hafen- und Stadtprojekt für Mönchgut", Dissertation written in Swedish available as a PDF file, Foundation for the Swedish Cultural Heritage in Pomerania, Dänholm Island, Swedish Pomerania August 1807, Brune's 1807 Campaign in Swedish Pomerania, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Northern Germany, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, Evangelical State Church in Prussia (extinct), Post-WWII settlement of Poles and Ukrainians, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swedish_Pomerania&oldid=1000767482, States and territories established in 1630, Former states and territories of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, 1630 establishments in the Holy Roman Empire, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the flag caption or type parameters, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 16:40. Over the years, sections of Pomerania have been ruled by several Pomeranian dukes, Sweden, Denmark, Brandenburg and Prussia. Swedish church law was introduced. The Landtag councillors formed the Land Council, which mediated with the Swedish Government and oversaw the constitution. Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the , Because Pomerania had been hit hard by the Thirty Years' War already and found it hard to recover during the following years, the Swedish government in 1669 and 1689 issued decrees (Freiheitspatente) freeing anyone of taxes who built or rebuilt a house. Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the Southern Baltic Coast including Pomerania and parts of Silesia and Prussia. The towns of Stralsund, Stettin, Greifswald and Anklam were granted autonomous jurisdiction.. • Foundation for the Swedish Cultural Heritage in Pomerania Even by the end of the 18th century, the serfs made up two-thirds of the population of the countryside. Rügen is today Germany's largest island. Following the Polish War and the Thirty Years' War, Sweden held extensive control over the lands on the southern Baltic coast, including Pomerania and parts of Livonia and Prussia (dominium maris baltici). The main cause for the Swedish intervention in the Seven Years' War was that the Hats faction then in power in Sweden believed Frederick II of Prussia would succumb to his many enemies, thus affording Sweden a risk-free opportunity to recapture its possessions in Pomerania that it had ceded to Prussia in 1720, towards the end of the Great Northern War. Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern; German: Schwedisch-Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland. The following 113 files are in this category, out of 113 total. of boarders and political affiliations sometimes make genealogy very hard. Starting in 1655, cases could be appealed from the first instance courts to the appellate court in Greifswald (located in Wolgast from 1665 to 1680), where sentences were issued under the appellate law of 1672, a work conducted by David Mevius. The Danes seized Rügen and Western Pomerania north of the Peene River (the former Danish Principality of Rugia that later would become known as New Western Pomerania or Neuvorpommern), while the Western Pomeranian areas south of the river (later termed Old Western Pomerania or Altvorpommern) were taken by Prussia. In the case of Swedish Pomerania, a trans-cultural setting was an important ingredient in the spread of typical elements of Enlightenment intellectual culture. Sweden also attacked Denmark and, by the Treaty of Kiel on 14 January 1814, Sweden ceded Pomerania to Denmark in exchange for Norway. These decrees were in force, though frequently modified, until 1824..  In contrast to the Swedish administration, the commission exerted both judiciary and executive power. Yet already in 1807, French forces occupied the site.. 3.5 million Thalers were awarded to Sweden in war damages. In the new order, King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden attempted to introduce a government divided into departments. Often former property owners are listed and particulars given when an estate was affected … From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Nova illustrissimi principatus Pomeraniæ descriptio, "Pomeraniae ducatus tabula - Auctore Eilhardo Lubino; S. Regiers sculpsit" (22070531138).jpg, Maps of Holstein and of Rügen Island, Usedom Island, and Wolin Island in Pomerania by Abraham Ortelius.jpeg, 1720 Homann Map of Brandenberg and Pomerania, Germany - Geographicus - Brandenburgici-homann-1720.jpg, AGAD Najstarsza zachowana morska mapa nawigacyjna Zatoki Gdańskiej.jpg, Anmarsch der Generale Werner, Prinz Würtemberg u Thadden 23ten Januar bis 7ten Juni. The Pomeranian War was a theatre of the Seven Years' War. In 1772 Gdańsk was seized by Prussia, which resulted in a rapid dissolution of trade through the port, and in 1793 it was incorporated as part of Prussia. The term is used to describe the fighting between Sweden and Prussia between 1757 and 1762 in Swedish Pomerania, Prussian Pomerania, northern Brandenburg and eastern Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1720 and 1815 in Swedish Pomerania, a group of twenty to twenty-five intellectuals participated in the work of translation from German to Swedish and vice versa. Brunes 1807 Campaign in Swedish Pomerania. Swedish Pomerania, p.395 in A. Anderson, An historical and chronological deduction of the origin of commerce, 1787, GB Stralsund, pp.243-244 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB Stralsund (in Swedish Pomerania), pp.397-398 in vol.1 of P. Kelly, The Universal Cambist, 1811, GB Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern ; German: Schwedisch-Pommern ) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from 1630 to 1815, situated on what is now the Baltic coast of Germany and Poland. The Thirty Years' War . The estates owned by the nobility were divided into districts and the royal domains, which covered about a quarter of the country, were divided into amts. Various changes . Help us fund our website through your support. Brunes 1807 Campaign in Swedish Pomerania West Chester: Nafziger Collection, 2001. Historical Map of Europe & the Mediterranean (3 May 1815 - Congress Poland: During the 1813 campaign against Napoleon, Prussia had agreed to the Russian rule over the Duchy of Warsaw in return for getting Saxony. After this point, Gustavus Adolphus was the effective ruler of the country, and even though the rights of succession to Pomerania, held by George William, Elector of Brandenburg due to the Treaty of Grimnitz, were recognised, the Swedish king still demanded that the Margraviate of Brandenburg break with Emperor Ferdinand II.
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